iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); The Calcutta Cricket Club was set up in 1792. See more. function right(e) { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, Dhaka: From Mughal Outpost to Metropolis. Calcutta, the city which grew around Fort William, was the capital of the Bengal Presidency. From the late 19th century, those travelling to East Bengal, Assam or Burma took the steamer from Goalondo, a small station at the confluence of the Padma and the Brahmaputra, where the Eastern Bengal Express from Sealdah terminated. Ultimately Lord Hastings empowered the Governor General-in-Council by Regulation IV of 1821 to authorize the Collectors and Revenue Officers to exercise powers of magistrates. A Bengali film company called the Indo British Film Co was soon formed in Calcutta by Dhirendra Nath Ganguly. gramarye also came to mean "learning in general, knowledge peculiar to the learned classes" (early 14c. The area of the Presidency under direct administration was sometimes referred to as Lower Bengal to distinguish it from the Presidency as a whole. Raw jute was sourced from the hinterland of Eastern Bengal. After the first partition of Bengal in 1905, newly built highways connected the inaccessible areas of Assam and the Chittagong Hill Tracts. The only all-Presidency institutions which remained were the Bengal Army and the Civil Service. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, The Company gradually began to formally expand its territories across India and Southeast Asia. This piece of legislation is known as the Permanent Settlement of the Land Revenue. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, The Bengal Presidency was re-organized. What are synonyms for Bengali? { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, The area included the erstwhile Prince of Wales Island and Province Wellesley, as well as the ports of Malacca and Singapore. "error": true, The Nawabs began entering into treaties with numerous European companies, including the French East India Company, the Dutch East India Company, and the Danish East India Company. The Victorians at War, 1815-1914: An Encyclopedia of British Military History. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, pid: '94' Several institutions had Sanskrit and Arabic faculties. The western part (Bengal) gained parts of Orissa, while the eastern part (Eastern Bengal and Assam) regained Assam that had been made a separate province in 1874. It was followed by Dacca, which served as a provincial capital between 1905 and 1912. The Great Bengal famine of 1770 lasted until 1773. ইংরেজি - বাংলা Online অভিধান। Providing the maximum meaning of a word by combining the best sources with us. The Bengal Army was one of the Presidency Armies of British India. If you could see his grammar, it is a perfect curiosity of dog's ears. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); It was followed in 1611 by a factory on the Coromandel Coast in South India, and in 1612 the company joined other already established European trading companies to trade in the wealthy Bengal Subah in the east. 'cap': true Consequently, between 1921–22 and 1946–47, the number of educational institutions for girls nearly doubled. In U.S. (1860) the term was put to use in the graded system for "a school between primary and secondary, where English grammar is taught.". {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, When the Bengal Assembly met to vote on Partition, most West Bengali legislators held a separate meeting and resolved to partition the province and join the Indian union. Under the Government of India Act, 1935, the council became the upper chamber of the Bengali legislature. [67], The Bengal Presidency endured a vast famine between 1873 and 1874. Assam tea was produced in the northeastern part of the Bengal Presidency. {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, See more in: { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, name: "unifiedId", bidderSequence: "fixed" Large quantities of sal tree wood were imported from Nepal to design the sleepers. [33] Mughal Bengal accounted for 12% of the world's GDP and was a major exporter of silk, cotton, saltpeter, and agricultural produce. In 1895, the Bengal Army was merged into the British Indian Army. Officially Punjab, Agra and Allahabad had Lieutenant-Governors subject to the authority of the Governor of Bengal in Calcutta, but in practice they were more or less independent. This remained a serious problem for the duration of British Rule, as throughout the Bengal Presidency ryots (peasants) found themselves oppressed by rack-renting landlords, who knew that every rupee they could squeeze from their tenants over and above the fixed revenue demanded from the Government represented pure profit. The Bengal Assembly was divided into the West Bengal Legislative Assembly and East Bengal Legislative Assembly during the Partition of British India. Hicky's Bengal Gazette was a major weekly publication. var sc_security="221ebe73"; kanna, kandon, krondan, rodan, kanna-kati, কাঁদা, কান্নাকাটি করা, চোখের জল ফেলা, ক্রন্দন করা, অশ্রুপাত করা, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, It was designed to "introduce" ideas of property rights to India, and stimulate a market in land. The governance of the company was placed in the hands of a governor and a 24-member Court of Directors. The chief British base in Bengal was Fort William. Other libraries built include the Victoria Public Library, Natore (1901), the Sirajganj Public Library (1882), the Rajshahi Public Library (1884), the Comilla Birchandra Library (1885), the Shah Makhdum Institute Public Library, Rajshahi (1891), the Noakhali Town Hall Public Library (1896), the Prize Memorial Library, Sylhet (1897), the Chittagong Municipality Public Library (1904) and the Varendra Research Library (1910). name: "_pubcid", cmpApi: 'iab', Exploration meaning in Bengali - আবিস্কারের জন্য খোজ; | English – Bangla & English (E2B) Online Dictionary. }; British Prime Minister Clement Attlee informed the US Ambassador to the United Kingdom on 2 June 1947 that there was a"distinct possibility Bengal might decide against partition and against joining either Hindustan or Pakistan". bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, After the invention of railways in Britain, British India became the first region in Asia to have a railway. [4], Nonetheless, the Straits Settlements remained in the Presidency of Bengal for more than three decades. [65] Local airlines included Tata Air Services and Orient Airways. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'increment': 1, Primary education was mandatory under the Compulsory Education Acts. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, (1988), Turnbull, CM, "Convicts in the Straits Settlements 1826–1867" in, Ilbert, Sir Courtenay Peregrine (1907). The code for attribution links is required. The Seditious Meetings Act 1908 curtailed freedom of assembly. Huq's government fell in 1943 and a BPML government under Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin as Prime Minister was formed. [29] Some of the leading schools included the Oriental Seminary in Calcutta, the St. Gregory's High School in Dacca, the Rajshahi Collegiate School in Rajshahi and the Chittagong Collegiate School in Chittagong. During 1946–47, there were 5,298 high schools with an enrolment of 21,99,000 pupils whereas the corresponding figures for 1916-17 were 1,507 and 57,200. The Bengal Civil Service managed the provincial government. The Calcutta Journal became the first daily newspaper in British India. Version 8.0 Updated February 26, 2017 Size 61.32KiB Language English. The Royal Bioscope Company began producing Bengali cinema in 1898, producing scenes from the stage productions of a number of popular shows[77] at the Crown Theatre in Dacca and the Star Theater, Minerva Theater, and Classic Theater in Calcutta. Both claimed in 1908; territories formed in 1962 (British Antarctic Territory) and 1985 (South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands). The first line connected Calcutta and Kushtia. His cabinet included leading Hindu and Muslim figures, including Nalini Ranjan Sarkar (finance), Bijoy Prasad Singha Roy (revenue), Maharaja Srish Chandra Nandy (communications and public works), Prasanna Deb Raikut (forest and excise), Mukunda Behari Mallick (cooperative credit and rural indebtedness), Sir Khwaja Nazimuddin (home), Nawab Khwaja Habibullah (agriculture and industry), Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy (commerce and labour), Nawab Musharraf Hussain (judicial and legislative affairs), and Syed Nausher Ali (public health and local self-government). "noPingback": true, In Calcutta, where Hindus formed a majority, wealthy Muslims were often given favors over Hindus. [36] The first British colonial banks in the Indian subcontinent were founded in Bengal. The Madan Theatre started making silent films in Calcutta in 1916. In 1858, the British government gained direct control of Indian administration. [78] After the success of Sukumary, the Nawab's family went for a bigger venture. The result was the establishment of schools in villages and towns where backward communities could enroll. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was constructed in the tea plantation zone. Learn more. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, "login": { The partition of the large province of Bengal, which was decided upon by Lord Curzon, and Cayan Uddin Ahmet, the Chief Secretary of Bengal carried into execution in October 1905. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, After the end of World War II, elections were held in 1946 in which the BPML won an overwhelming majority of 113 seats in the 250-seat assembly. grammar schools Meaning in Bengali. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, Upl. The action takes place in a suspect café among 'artists of the second category' engaged in expediting an 'artistic' programme. the dictionary. austere definition: 1. very simple, with only the things that are absolutely necessary, especially because of severe…. var pbHdSlots = [ The company required the road for commercial and administrative purposes. [4] British Burma became a province of India and a later a Crown Colony in itself. The Anarchy: The Relentless Rise of the East India Company. [42] In the fiscal year 1889–90, Chittagong handled exports totalling 125,000 tons. userIds: [{ XXIX of 1837 passed by the President of the Council of India in Council on 20 November 1837,[32][71] bringing an end to six centuries of Indo-Persian culture in Bengal. { redemption definition: 1. to be too bad to be improved or saved by anyone 2. Learn more. Sir William Jones: A Study in Eighteenth-century British Attitudes to India. ), which evolved in Scottish into glamour (q.v.). But a gusting wind carried her off to the gardens of Shahbag, where her balloon became stuck in a tree. Bengal Industries and the British Industrial Revolution (1757-1857). },{ } bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, [63] Calcutta emerged as a stopover for many airlines operating routes between Europe, Indochina and Australasia.