In English grammar, an indirect object is a noun or pronoun that indicates to whom or for whom the action of a verb in a sentence is performed. verb.
This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 06:00.  In subject-prominent, nominative-accusative languages such as English, a transitive verb typically distinguishes between its subject and any of its objects, which can include but are not limited to direct objects, indirect objects, and arguments of adpositions (prepositions or postpositions); the latter are more accurately termed oblique arguments, thus including other arguments not covered by core grammatical roles, such as those governed by case morphology (as in languages such as Latin) or relational nouns (as is typical for members of the Mesoamerican Linguistic Area).
Concerning ergative verbs, see for instance the Collins Cobuild English Grammar (1995:155f.) You can read for paragraphs before you encounter An object is a noun (or pronoun) governed by a verb or a preposition.
This version is awful too!
The first criterion identifies objects reliably most of the time in English, e.g.
Your attempt to determine the sentence structure has reached a dead end. To explain the broken lamp, we told Abstract views reflect the number of visits to the article landing page.
Compare with direct object.
Direct objects follow transitive verbs
a prepositional phrase makes the sentence less choppy! Sandcastle = direct object. Indirect object definition, a word or group of words representing the person or thing with reference to which the action of a verb is performed, in English generally coming between the verb and the direct object and paraphrasable as the object of a preposition, usually to or for, following the direct object, as the boy in He gave the boy a book.
(1999:126) for a similar list of characteristics that identify (direct) objects. 2003/6.
Verbs can be classified according to the number and/or type of objects that they do or do not take. De Clerck, Bernard ject • Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Carnie, A. Answer. It is a common experience in language study (and elsewhere) that a consideration of a few carefully chosen examples can allow us a neat, simple, even elegant solution; but that the more data we examine, the more complex the whole question becomes. Encyclopedia.com. It is a common experience in language study (and elsewhere) that a consideration of a few carefully chosen examples can allow us a neat, simple, even elegant solution; but that the more data we examine, the more complex the whole question becomes.
But with a quick fix, we can solve the ." Dependency trees similar to the ones produced here can be found in Ágel et al. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. "I gave salt to the man.".
Â©1997 - 2020 by Robin Secundative languages lack a distinction between direct and indirect objects, but rather distinguish primary and secondary objects. Ergative and object-deletion verbs can be transitive or intransitive, as indicated in the following table: The distinction drawn here between ergative and object-deletion verbs is based on the role of the subject. Concerning ergative verbs, see for instance the Collins Cobuild English Grammar (1995:155f.) Colleman, Timothy
These object types are illustrated in the following table: Note that indirect objects are frequently expressed as objects of prepositions, complicating the traditional typology; e.g. The object of a transitive ergative verb is the subject of the corresponding intransitive ergative verb. Collins Cobuild English Grammar 1995. and Concerning the passive as a diagnostic for identifying objects, see for instance Freeborn (1995:175) and Biber et al. one. In order to have an indirect object in a sentence, there must be a direct object.
Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
A grammar of standard English. Answer: Pop the subject question: Who will tell?
Billie Lou to the party.
With the indirect object us in a prepositional 2013.
Blind date = direct object.
2011. Sammy and Maria brought who? Longman Grammar of spoken and written English.
told = verb. Noun phrase accessibility and universal grammar. than a noun, putting the indirect object in a prepositional
The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. Noun phrase accessibility and universal grammar.
They also are referred to as transi…, Individual Differences in Learning and Memory, Individual Human Experience with Death and the Afterlife, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/indirect-object, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/indirect-object.
Longman Grammar of spoken and written English. Definition: An indirect object precedes the direct object and tells to whom or for whom the action of the verb is done and who is receiving the direct object.
Or in other words, it identifies to or for whom or what the action of the verb is performed. The second criterion is also a reliable criterion for analytic languages such as English, since the relatively strict word order of English usually positions the object after the verb(s) in declarative sentences. Terms â¢ Exercises
This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 06:00. INDIRECT OBJECT.
Share on facebook. â¢ Handouts â¢ Rules The only problem is that the sentence then has gossip flapping around with no label. While the typical object is a pronoun, noun, or noun phrase, objects can also appear as other syntactic categories, as illustrated in the following table for the English language: A number of criteria can be employed for identifying objects, e.g.:. Zehentner, Eva
Kesner Bland, S. Intermediate grammar: From form to meaning and use. lie. Share on linkedin. Kesner Bland, S. Intermediate grammar: From form to meaning and use. In some such cases we are tempted to abandon discrete categories in favour of a ‘squish’ (Ross, 1972, 1975).
For languages that have case and relatively freer word order, morphological case is the most readily available criterion for identifying objects. New York: Oxford University Press. Essex, England: Pearson Education limited.  Many African languages fall into this typological category.. Twitter â¢
The third criterion is less applicable to English, though, since English lacks morphological case, exceptions being the personal pronouns (I/me, we/us, he/him, she/her, they/them).
The subject is consistently a dependent of the finite verb, whereas the object is a dependent of the lowest non-finite verb if such a verb is present. Retrieved October 17, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/indirect-object. .
Freeborn, D. 1995. object. Him = indirect object.
https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/indirect-object, "indirect object
Dependency trees similar to the ones produced here can be found in Ágel et al.
For an indirect object to appear, a Home â¢